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Ever wanted to build a humanoid robot? ……… Well now you can!


INTRODUCING THE ROBOT NANO HAND


Get started with the robot nano hand – 3d print and build this state of the art humanoid hand with tendon driven fingers that flex and spread and an AI vision system worthy of any droid.

Once you have assembled your new handy desk top companion, program and run a hand gesture recognition demo, learn how to code and customize your own pose, all utilizing the inner palm camera.

The robot nano hand gives you the experience needed to understand the complexity of robotic design and the human form, create and build a humanoid robotic hand, and learn how to program and run a smart AI application.

Powered by the NVIDIA Jetson Nano Development kit, a powerful, easy-to-use, mini AI computer that lets you run multiple neural networks in parallel. It’s the perfect, portable solution for any project using image classification, object detection, segmentation, speech processing, and more.

The Robot Nano Hand is an open source project, designed and created by Rob Knight from therobotstudio, co-developed by Silicon Highway, and brought to life by Codethink.

Build a state-of-the-art humanoid Robotic Hand, bring it to life with smart AI applications

Silicon Highway is a European focused embedded NVIDIA distribution partner, with an online platform to help serve, reach, and create bigger business opportunities within future movements of the AI embedded marketplace.

Rob Knight from the Robot studio has been creating extraordinary robots based on the functional anatomy of the real human body for over two decades.

 

His work has featured on the front cover of Wallpaper, rise of the robots – channel 4, battle bots, robot wars, with an extensive collection of robots exhibited at the London science museum.

Codethink has been enabling solutions with NVIDIA technologies for the last decade. We provide software engineering and consultancy services to Electronics Companies, Technology Providers and Service Infrastructure Operators throughout Europe, Asia and the USA, working across various industries and verticals. We focus on developing and maintaining system-level software infrastructure, traditionally specialising in Linux, Embedded Systems and Open Source.

hand

The robot hand

The Robot Nano Hand, is an open source, 3d printed, robot hand with 4 independent fingers and a partially-opposable thumb, similar in size to an adult human.

 

Each digit is independently closed by a tendon and can also rotate from side to side at the knuckle. This results in the minimum number of servos for a strong grip with individual finger flexion and spread.

 

There are 11 DOF (Degrees of Freedom) in total. All the finger servos are housed in the body of the hand itself with an additional larger servo mounted below the wrist to provide pitch (back and forth) rotation of the whole hand.

 

Each digit is closed by a single tendon that runs the full length of the finger. This improves grip strength and stiffness by sharing the load over the full length of  the finger.

 
 

Single finger pinch for small objects, textiles and paper

The tendon is contracted by simply winding it on to a 3d printed winch which is driven in turn by a small servo of the kind commonly used in radio controlled (RC) toys.

 

The specific model used (Feetech SCS009) differs from standard servos as it communicates via a serial bus rather than the legacy 50 Hz PWM (pulse width modulation) signal.

 

This allows additional operating modes and a greater range of motion better suited to driving tendons (300 vs the standard 170-180 degrees of rotation).

 

Additionally, these servos return data on their performance and temperature, which is important for the reliability of complex robots.

 

As there is only one powered DOF, the tendon, for the three joints of the finger, the tendon cannot fully control the position of the finger by itself.

 

In practice, a finger with just a  single tendon can comply to the shape of an object, as in wrapping around a bottle but it can apply very little grip force. Instead of evenly gripping the object, fingers like this tend instead to curl up to the smallest possible shape suddenly ejecting the object!

 
 

To avoid the additional cost and complexity of adding more tendons and motors it is necessary to add a mechanism to the fingers that links the relative rotations of the finger sections. For this hand one of the simplest mechanisms was selected – two additional linkages that run down the middle of each finger (see Build Step 2).

 

The disadvantage is that the tip of the finger is constrained to move through a single arc which limits dexterity and the range of sizes that can be firmly grasped.

 

By carefully choosing the linkages and their pivot points however, it is possible to arrange the fingers so that they can perform a variety of pinchs and grips.

 

The range of sizes that the hand can fully grasp can also be improved by making the linkages somewhat flexible.

 

 
 

Spherical grip for rounded objects

Key grip, also useful for credit cards

Barrel grip for bottles and other cylindrical objects

Two finger pinch for slightly
heavier objects and materials

The fingers are extended passively by an elastic band housed in the knuckle section. This is not as strong as a powered extension but is far simpler and also allows the finger to make fast flicking type actions when released by the thumb or when the hand is rotated at the wrist.

 

The finger sections are held together by pins which for a quick test can even be made from printer filament. For greater performance and reliability ground steel pins are recommended as these provide a precise yet low cost bearing surface and can simply be pushed into holes in the plastic finger sections.

 

The hand is mounted on a base with fold out supports and a mounting area for the Jetson nano development board.

 

components

component breakdown

The overall material cost of building the Robot Nano Hand will vary depending on if you choose to print the hand components yourself and also source all components. We recommend budgeting around €400-600

 

To make life easier Silicon Highway sells a competitively priced kit of all the required parts and servos here: (Click here)

 

The easiest way to get the prints is to order them online at i.materialise.com: (Click here) or print your own (Click here)

 

A complete list of parts is given on the home page and as a pdf here: (Click here)

POWERED BY THE NVIDIA JETSON NANO 4GB DEVELOPER KIT – 945-13450-0000-100

A robot is more than just mechanics though and to bring it to life requires control!

 

The robotnanohand is powered by the NVIDIA Jetson Nano Development kit, an entry level board that supports the latest developments in neural networks for AI applications like image classification, object detection, segmentation, and speech processing.

 

The NVIDIA Jetson Nano Developer Kit is a small, powerful computer that runs on as little as 5 watts and is an ideal starting point for a journey into applying AI at the edge.

GPU 128-core Maxwell
CPU Quad-core ARM A57 @ 1.43 GHz
Memory 4 GB 64-bit LPDDR4 25.6 GB/s
Storage microSD (not included)
Video Encoder 4K @ 30 | 4x 1080p @ 30 | 9x 720p @ 30 (HEVC)
Video Decoder 4K @ 60 | 2x 4K @ 30 | 8x 1080p @ 30 | 18x 720p @ 30| (HEVC)
Camera 1x MIPI CSI-2 DPHY lanes
Connectivity Gigabit Ethernet, M.2 Key E
Display HDMI 2.0 and eDP 1.4
USB 4x USB 3.0, USB 2.0 Micro-B
Others GPIO, I2C, I2S, SPI, UART
Mechanical 0 mm x 80 mm x 29 mm


A Full list of components that are required to complete one hand build are listed below:

1 x NVIDIA Jetson Nano 4GB development kit

The NVIDIA Jetson Nano Developer Kit delivers the compute performance to run modern AI workloads at unprecedented size, power, and cost.

1 x fully 3D printed hand

Either 3rd party printed or printed by yourself.

2mm ground steel pins

Five different lengths: 58 pins in total

Pin Length/mm Total needed
10 11
16-18 16
20 10
24 21

Tendons, guides and elastics

Tendons close the fingers, elastic bands open the fingers and guides make everything run smoother for longer. Ideally use the items recommended below but substitute as needed. For example by using any braided kite or fishing line of roughly the right diameter you already have to hand.

Sufix 832 SuperBraid

5m - White 80lbs breaking strain

Elastic bands

Around 15mm diameter when unstretched and no more than 3mm wide in latex or polyurethane - sold as hair bands for humans and horses!

PTFE tube

30cm x PTFE tubing AWG 18s 2mm OD, 1mm ID

1 x fully 3D printed hand

All the parts printed online or by yourself - or get started as soon as you have enough to make a finger!

SCS0009 Micro Servo

10 X SCS0009 - Fingers and thumb

FE-URT-1 BOARD

USB board for reprogramming the servos (Feetech)

Servos

All servos used have been sourced from a company called feetech.

SCS15 SERVO

1 x SCS15 SERVO

Micro USB cable

1x Micro USB cable

Cameras

One camera is located with in the palm of the robotic hand.

Raspbery PI V2 Camera

1x Raspbery PI V2 Camera

Camera cable

1 x 30cm Raspberry PI V2 camera cable - the standard cable supplied with the camera is not long enough

Power Supplies

Two power suppliers are needed to operate the hand correctly. One to power the NVIDIA jetson Nano development kit and other to power the servos.

5V 4A Universal Power Supply

1x 5V 4A Universal Power Supply for NVIDIA Jetson Nano development kit.

2.5mm Barrel jack

1x Barrel jack with flying leads for URT board, connects to UPS above

6v 3A Universal Power Supply

1 x 6v 3A minimum Universal Power Supply for the servos - or use the same as for the nano with slightly slower servo movments

Jumper

1 x Jumper - To enable power jack on development kit.

recommended tools:

We recommend the tools listed below to use with the build, the first column items are essential, the second make life easier

  • Fine engineers file, nail file or fine grit sandpaper (300 grit or finer)
  • Craft knife or scissors
  • Marker pen or pencil
  • Set of standard precision screwdrivers – or just one #0 Philips and a flat blade under 2mm in width
  • 2mm drill
  • An electric power drill is very handy but any method to turn the drills will suffice
  • Long or needle nosed pliers
  • Tweezers

Buying options:

Silicon Highway has put together a robot nano hand kit, which contains all of the above components to help make sourcing all the parts, a little easier. 

Please note: the NVIDIA 4GB jetson development kit is sold separately. See here

 

Alternatively if you would like to source the parts yourself,  please see below are some alternative places to buy some of the listed components:

2mm ground steel pins – Europe | US

PTFE tubing –  Europe  |  US

Sufix 832 SuperBraid –  World wide

3mm wide in latex or polyurethane bands – Worldwide

 

Micro USB cable – 1x Micro USB cable

 

Raspberry PI V2 Camera  – 1x Raspberry PI V2 Camera

5V 4A Universal Power Supply – 1x 5V 4A Universal Power Supply

 

6v 3A Universal Power Supply – 1 x 6v 3A minimum Universal Power Supply

Print

Print

For those without a 3D printer, the easiest, cheapest and quickest method to obtain the 3d prints is to order them online.


This also allows the use of SLS (Selective Laser Sintering) or other advanced printing technologies. Typically these produce higher quality prints and for one or two hands will work out cheaper than home printing.

The complete set of prints for the Robot Nano Hand – an introduction to the world of robotics designed by The Robot Studio and powered by NVIDIA Jetson AI. Comes self-contained in an attractive box that transforms into the support for the assembled hand.

 

Available in Polyamide (SLS) in a wide range of colours – the perfect gift for yourself or anyone interested in advanced robotics at an introductory price of just €199.99!

 

Please be advised: Due to the technical nature of this product some light finishing is required prior to assembly.

To minimise this we recommend using the standard delivery option and to add “Please print upright with the bottom face parallel to the print bed. Thank you!” in the remarks when ordering as explained here:

For those with experience of 3d printing  the design has been succesfully produced in PLA, ABS and PETG.

 

For more advanced users the recommended method is to use PETG for the large structural pieces (finger sections and back of hand) and ABS for the finer inner pieces (linkages and pivots) but please do experiment and let us know how you get on!

 

For further information on the parts that need to be printed and to download the 3d print files

 

 
 

Build

Build step guide

Once you have sourced all of components and have enough 3d parts printed, it’s time to start assembling!

 

For a quick start try a finger held together with 1.75mm printing filament – so long as you have some string and a rubber band lying around the place it’s possible to have a finger printed and assembled within just a few hours!

 

We have broken down the build into a seven steps, with the aim to provide as much clear guidance and information as possible by video, photos and text. Even so, this is a fairly complex assembly process, please ensure to read all of the provided information below each video present on all of individual step pages.

Step 1:  PREPARING / CLEANING 3D PRINT COMPONENTS

Step 1: How to prepare the parts to ensure smooth assembly and movements in the finished hand – well worth taking the time to do this properly, it’s quicker in the end!

Step 2:   Assemble fingers and thumb  

Step 2:  How to build a finger – follow the right order to assemble the sections, linkages and pins – easy when you know how!

Step 3: SERVOS Set-up

Step 3:   How to configure the servos and prepare them for installation in the hand – requires a Windows PC.

Step 4:  INSTALL SERVOS INTO PALM

Step 4:   How to install the servos and camera into the palm.

Step 5:  Attach Fingers at knuckle servos

Step 5:  Start pulling it all together – mount the fingers and connect the knuckle servos.

Step 6:   install TENDONs

Step 6:  Attach fingers tendons and the thumb to the servo winches – bring it all to life  at the same time.

Step 7: Final assembly

Step 7:  Install the NVIDIA Jetson Nano kit, install the wrist servo and mount the hand to platform ready to run the demo

CODE

Programing the hand for gesture and mimic

Now that you have fully constructed your robot hand, it’s time to give it some brains!

 

CodeThink have put together a comprehensive guide of what to install and how to run a hand gesture recognition demo, utilizing the NVIDIA Jet pack, transfer learning toolkit and hand gesture recognition AI application.

Hamsa is the software written by Codethink and this is required to control a robot hand.

 

It is designed to run on linux.

 

The software consists of a cpp library (that communicates with the servos over serial) and python bindings for that library.

 

Hamsa also contains a python module for running a mimicking demo, where the robot hand can copy one of five gestures that it sees through the camera:

 

  • Stop (open palm)
  • Fist
  • OK
  • Peace
  • Pan (index pointing)

 

To access a full breakdown of  Hamsa instruction:

IF YOU ARE BUILDING THIS HAND
please SHARE

#ROBOTNANOHAND​

CONTACT

If you need any advice on a particular part of the build or interested in finding out a little more information on this project, please fill in the form below and we will do our very best to get back to you in a timely manner.